Can Dogs Eat Pizza? The Risks and Dangers

Is it safe for dogs to eat pizza? Find out in this comprehensive article.
Can Dogs Eat pizza?

Many people love pizza and often share their meals with their furry companions. But is it safe for dogs to eat pizza? The short answer is no, it is not safe for dogs to eat pizza. While pizza may not be toxic to dogs, it is not a suitable food for them and can cause some serious health issues.

Why Is Pizza Bad for Dogs?

Pizza is bad for dogs for several reasons. First and foremost, pizza is high in fat and salt, which can be harmful to dogs. Consuming too much fat can cause pancreatitis, a serious and potentially life-threatening condition that can cause abdominal pain, vomiting, and diarrhea.

Pizza also contains other ingredients that can be harmful to dogs. The most common type of pizza is made with cheese, which is high in lactose. Dogs are unable to digest lactose properly, and consuming it can lead to gastrointestinal problems such as bloating, gas, and diarrhea.

Additionally, pizza may contain other ingredients, such as onions and garlic, which are toxic to dogs. Onions and garlic contain compounds that can damage a dog's red blood cells, leading to anemia.

Dangers of Pizza Ingredients for Dogs

Aside from the high fat and salt content, pizza may contain other ingredients that are harmful to dogs. In this section, we will discuss some of the most common pizza toppings and their potential dangers to dogs.

Cheese and Dairy Products

Many dogs are lactose intolerant, which can lead to gastrointestinal issues when consuming dairy products. Additionally, high-fat dairy products can contribute to the development of pancreatitis.

Tomato Sauce

Tomato sauce can contain high levels of acidity, which may cause stomach upset in dogs. Some tomato sauces may also contain onion and garlic, both of which are toxic to dogs.

Onions and Garlic

As mentioned earlier, onions and garlic are toxic to dogs and can lead to anemia and other serious health problems.

Processed Meats

Processed meats, such as pepperoni and sausage, are high in salt and fat, which can cause health issues for dogs, including pancreatitis and kidney damage.

Other Harmful Ingredients

Some pizza toppings, such as mushrooms, olives, and certain spices, can also be harmful to dogs.

How Much Pizza Can a Dog Eat?

It is important to note that even a small amount of pizza can be harmful to dogs. However, it all depends on the exact pizza recipe and ingredients. If your dog does accidentally eat a small piece of pizza, monitor them closely for any signs of gastrointestinal upset. If they develop symptoms such as vomiting or diarrhea, contact your veterinarian immediately.

Safe Alternatives to Pizza for Dogs

Instead of sharing pizza with your dog, consider providing healthy, dog-safe alternatives as occasional treats.

Homemade Dog Treats

There are many dog-friendly recipes available online that use safe, healthy ingredients, such as peanut butter, pumpkin, and sweet potatoes.

Fruits and Vegetables

Some fruits and vegetables, such as apples, carrots, and green beans, can make great treats for dogs when given in moderation.

Commercial Dog Treats

Look for high-quality, all-natural dog treats that are free from harmful additives and artificial ingredients.

Tips for Preventing Accidental Pizza Consumption

To avoid your dog accidentally consuming pizza, follow these tips for safe pizza consumption:

Keep Pizza Out of Reach

Store pizza and leftovers securely in a location where your dog cannot access them.

Supervise Your Dog Around Food

When enjoying pizza, be sure to supervise your dog to prevent them from sneaking a bite.

Train Your Dog to Stay Away from People Food

Teach your dog the "leave it" command and reinforce the importance of not eating human food.

What to Do if Your Dog Eats Pizza

If your dog consumes pizza, follow these steps:

  1. Assess the situation and determine the amount and type of pizza consumed.
  2. Monitor your dog closely for any signs of illness or adverse reactions.
  3. Contact your veterinarian for advice and further instructions, especially if your dog shows any symptoms of illness.


In conclusion, it is not safe for dogs to eat pizza. Pizza is high in fat and salt and can contain ingredients that are harmful to dogs. It is best to avoid feeding pizza to dogs altogether and stick to a balanced, species-appropriate diet. If your dog accidentally eats pizza, monitor it closely for adverse effects and contact your veterinarian if necessary.

Medically Reviewed by Ivana Crnec, DVM

Ivana is a DVM with a specialty in domestic carnivores – dogs & cats. She is passionate about educating pet owners and raising awareness about pet health.

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