Can Rabbits Eat Oats? The Dos and Don'ts

Are oats a healthy treat for your rabbit? Find out if rabbits can eat oats, and learn how to feed them safely as part of a balanced diet.
Can Rabbits Eat oats?

Yes, rabbits can eat oats as part of a balanced diet. However, oats should only be given to rabbits in moderation and as an occasional treat, rather than a staple food. The importance of a balanced diet for rabbits is crucial to meet their nutritional needs and promote overall health.

Benefits of Oats for Rabbits

Fiber Content and Digestive Health

Oats are a good source of fiber which helps keep the rabbit's digestive system healthy. A healthy digestive system is essential for rabbits as it helps process their unique diet and maintain proper gut bacteria balance.

Protein for Muscle and Tissue Health

Oats also contain protein that aids in maintaining muscle and tissue health. While rabbits do not require high amounts of protein in their diet, an occasional treat containing protein can be beneficial.

Dental Health Benefits

The chewing required to eat oats can help prevent rabbits from developing dental problems. Rabbits' teeth continuously grow, and chewing on fibrous foods, like oats, helps wear down their teeth, preventing overgrowth and potential dental issues.

Risks of Feeding Oats to Rabbits

High Calorie Content and Weight Gain

While oats can be a healthy treat for rabbits, they are high in calories and should be given in moderation. A diet high in calories can lead to weight gain, which can cause numerous health issues in rabbits.

Potential for Digestive Upset

Oats can cause digestive upset if fed to rabbits in large quantities or if the rabbit is not used to eating them. Too many oats can disrupt the delicate balance in a rabbit's gut, leading to digestive issues and discomfort.

Overreliance on Oats and Nutrient Imbalance

Feeding too many oats to your rabbit can lead to nutrient imbalances if the rabbit begins to rely on oats as its primary food source. Rabbits require a variety of nutrients found in different food sources, such as hay, pellets, and fresh vegetables.

The Best Way to Feed Oats to Your Rabbit

Choosing the Right Type of Oats

  • Rolled Oats vs. Steel-cut Oats: Rolled oats are better suited for rabbits, as they are easier for them to digest, compared to steel-cut oats.
  • Avoiding Processed or Sweetened Oats: It is crucial to avoid feeding your rabbit processed or sweetened oats, as these can contain additives that can be harmful to them.

Proper Portion Sizes

The best way to feed oats to your rabbit is to give them a teaspoon of rolled oats as an occasional treat. This small portion will allow the rabbit to enjoy the benefits of oats without risking overconsumption.

Mixing Oats with Other Healthy Treats

  • Fresh Vegetables
  • Hay
  • Herbs
    Oats can be fed dry or mixed with other healthy treats, such as fresh vegetables or hay, adding variety to their diet.

Monitoring Your Rabbit's Health and Adjusting Portions

It is important to monitor your rabbit's food intake and body condition and adjust the portion of oats accordingly. Keep an eye out for any changes in weight, digestion, or overall health.

Alternatives to Oats for Rabbit Treats

Fresh Vegetables

Rabbits love a variety of fresh vegetables, such as leafy greens, bell peppers, and celery.

Fruit (in moderation)

Fruit can be a sweet treat for rabbits but should be given in moderation due to its high sugar content.


Herbs like parsley, cilantro, and mint can also be a tasty and healthy treat for rabbits.

Pelleted Treats

High-quality pelleted treats specifically formulated for rabbits can be another option to introduce variety in their diet.


In conclusion, oats can be a healthy and enjoyable treat for rabbits, but they should only be given in moderation as part of a balanced diet. Remember the importance of moderation and balance in a rabbit's diet, and monitor their health and adjust treats as needed. By following these guidelines, you can ensure that your rabbit stays healthy and happy.

Medically Reviewed by Ivana Crnec, DVM

Ivana is a DVM with a specialty in domestic carnivores – dogs & cats. She is passionate about educating pet owners and raising awareness about pet health.

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